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By Martin Haspelmath

The sequence builds an in depth number of prime quality descriptions of languages worldwide. each one quantity bargains a accomplished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a thesaurus and different appropriate details that's on hand at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language family members or zone, and even supposing distinctive realization is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and precious remedies of higher recognized languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive ordinary of clinical caliber.

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6%) said they know Russian. 6%) gave another Daghestanian language as their native language. 3%) know another Daghestanian language. 4%) gave Russian. 5%) know Russian. 2. Geographical location Lezgian is spoken in an area of about 5 000 km 2 in southern Daghestan and in northern Azerbaijan ("Lezgistan"). In Daghestan, the Kuraxskij, Sulejman-Stal'skij (formerly Kasumkentskij), Magaramkentskij, and Axtynskij rayons are completely occupied by Lezgians. Some Lezgians also live in the adjacent Rutul'skij and Xivskij rayons.

Many words such as the following are exclusively poetic today: (20) Arabic loanwords iasad muTmin riwajat 'body' 'pious' 'story' < jasad < muTmiin < riwaayat (21) Persian loanwords bed bejadalat 'bad' . 'unjust' < bsed < bi-sedalset The strongest influence on Lezgian over the past couple of centuries has been Turkic. The Turkic influence on Daghestanian languages has two sources. On the one hand, the Turkic language Kumyk is spoken in some key areas of Daghestan, including the area of the old Daghestanian capital Temir-Xan-Sura (later renamed Bujnaksk) and the present capital Maxaikala (formerly Port-Petrovsk), and it used to serve as a language of interethnic communication in most of Daghestan (cf.

Maxaikala: Daguipedgiz. X. S. ) 1987. Literaturadin xrestomatija. 5-klass. 11-izdanie. Maxaikala: Daguipedgiz. [Chrestomathy of literature. 5th grade. 11th edition] D57: Gor'kij, Maksim. 1957. Dide. Maxaöqala: Dagustandin ktabrin izdatel'stvo. [The mother. Translated from Russian by Magomed M. Gadiiev] E56: Efendiev, Zijaudin. 1956. Jark'iiuwan ru§. Maxaikala: Dagknigoizdat. [The Jark'i girl] G54: Gad2iev (1954) (see bibliography) G57: Gadliev, Magomed M. 1957. Lezgi ö'alan grammatika. 2 lahaj paj.

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