By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this present day by means of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken by way of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in keeping with complementary ideas: to investigate Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to give fabric in one of these means that the history info worthwhile for realizing every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. therefore, England's research of the sound method and morphophonemic tactics of Mam is through an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in examining a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative approach. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and as a result it's uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
Leqeqeen -+ Is wit'it'iin 3s -+ 2s lach'ach'aan speaker disagreement as to acceptability of these forms. The combination 3p -+ 3p seems to be impossible for some other reason, perhaps "confusion". This, and the other un Examples: 'walk stooped over' 3s should be subject to the same constraint but there is native Morphologically they are like other 'go running' 'go on all fours' Intransitive verbs of motion also form a subclass. 1). The verbs in this class are: grammatical combinations, can be expressed instead by using xi7 ' go' tzaaj the antipassive and indicating the patient in an oblique uul 'arrive here' poon phrase.
The A number of suffixes shorten preceding stern The reason for analyzing these forms as having an underlying vowels, and several of them do not even have long vowels u is that the themselves. 7 #75). Vowel Length Effects. Since Mam of Ixtahuacan has a constraint against more than one long vowel in a word, several processes operate to shorten one of the vowels when a suffix with a long vowel is added to a stern with a long vowel. 2. )Z may reflect less stability than is shown by other consonants in Mayan languages.
Most of these nouns refer to parts of objects (non-human, and usually inanimate). g. body parts) and to this class when they refer to objects. 'huipil' ) t-qu1 n-koo1b'a syntactic reasons. 10 Relational Nouns A small set of always possessed noun roots indicates grammati 'its root' cal relations in a sentence. 'its seed' cial syntactic function. a noun root and the other a noun or adjective root, where the entire minimal phrase refers to a single 1exeme. 9 A number of the relational nouns are related to common nouns, usually ones that refer to body parts.
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