Download A History of the Korean Language by Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey PDF

By Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

A heritage of the Korean Language is the 1st ebook at the topic ever released in English. It lines the beginning, formation, and diverse old levels wherein the language has handed, from previous Korean via to the current day. each one bankruptcy starts with an account of the old and cultural historical past. A accomplished checklist of the literature of every interval is then supplied and the textual list defined, besides the script or scripts used to put in writing it. ultimately, every one level of the language is analyzed, delivering new info supplementing what's recognized approximately its phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon. the intense alphabetic fabrics of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are given targeted realization, and are used to make clear past, pre-alphabetic sessions.

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This entry confirms that the Koguryo˘ word for ‘water’ sounded much like the reading for the character 買, and ‘city’ sounded like the reading for the character 忽. ’ How the phonograms 買 and 忽 were meant to be read is a problem that may never be completely solved. Nevertheless, since the characters were borrowed from China, the readings must at least have been similar to their pronunciations in China around that time. There are also other clues. For example, the phonogram 買 was often replaced by 美 or 彌 in other place names: 內乙買 一云 內尒美; 買召忽 一云彌鄒忽.

Nalah 나랗 ‘country, land’ (-lah is a suffix). A few noun comparisons possibly represent early cultural or contact loans. ’ is also a suspicious comparison for this reason. ’ is another. 6 7 The low–low tone structure of the Middle Korean form is more typical of loanwords than native vocabulary. These crops have been cultivated on the Korean peninsula since the Mumun period (c. 1500– 850 BC); less is known about the history of Manchu crop cultivation. 2 Altaic 25 But another type of vocabulary is relatively free from such concerns about borrowing.

For that, robust rules must be established for interlocking lexical correspondences that in turn lead to other discoveries about linguistic prehistory. Nevertheless, the structural details of this particular comparison are too significant to be dismissed. 3 Korean and Tungusic Although comparativists have proposed cognates from all three branches of Altaic, it is clear that the most likely correspondences for Korean vocabulary 24 Origins are not evenly distributed. Few potential matches are found in Turkic; a slightly larger number of look-alikes can be seen in Mongolic.

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