By Harry Henderson
This entire A-to-Z biographical dictionary explores the varied crew of inventors, scientists, marketers, and visionaries within the machine technology box. The state of the art, modern entries and data at the machine supply a glimpse into not just their force but additionally their demanding situations in making a new type of enterprise and a brand new type of tradition.
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Extra info for A to Z of Computer Scientists. Notable Scientists [biographies]
At first he majored in physics, but decided that he was not suited to be a top-flight theorist. He switched to electrical engineering and graduated in 1986 summa cum laude. By then he had become interested in business software applications, particularly financial networks. Still only 23 years old, he led a project at Fitel, a financial communications network. He managed 12 programmers, commuting each week between the company’s New York and London offices. When he became a vice president at Bankers Trust, a major Wall Street firm in 1988, Bezos seemed to be on a meteoric track in the corporate world.
In Brooks’s view, all these applications are examples of “intelligence 32 Burroughs, William S. amplification”—the ability to use technology to help humans think better and faster. Brooks believes that this approach is likely to be more successful than the traditional approach to artificial intelligence—making computers think by themselves and perhaps replace the human mind. For his achievements in computer and operating system design, graphics, and artificial intelligence Brooks has received numerous awards, including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society Pioneer Award (1970), the National Medal of Technology (1985), and the IEEE John von Neumann Medal (1993).
As of 2003, he worked at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science. Further Reading Berners-Lee, Tim. ” Available on-line. org/ DesignIssues. ———. ” Available on-line. html. Posted in March 1989, May 1990. Berners-Lee, Tim, and Mark Fischetti. Weaving the Web. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1999. Luh, James C. ” Internet World, January 1, 2000. Available on-line. html. The World Wide Web Consortium. ” Available on-line. org/ People/Berners-Lee. Downloaded on October 31, 2002.
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