By Lynda Turner
Abnormal habit is a entire and available textbook. Turner covers definitions and classifications of habit, anxiousness and consuming problems, temper issues and schizophrenia, and remedy of unusual habit. every one bankruptcy is through specimen questions written in examination type.
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Extra info for Advanced Psychology: Atypical Behaviour (Arnold Publication)
Watson and Rayner then presented the rat to Albert and allowed him to stroke it. Whilst he was playing with the rat, Watson hit the hammer on the steel bar behind his head and frightened him. RESULT After several pairings of the two stimuli, Albert developed a phobic response to the rat. He was fearful even when it was presented without the loud noise. CONCLUSION Phobias are learned through a process of classical conditioning. TWO PROCESS THEORY Mowrer (1939) believed that there were two behavioural processes involved in anxiety disorders.
The client is asked the following questions. 1. If the person thinks ‘That must be a burglar’ how would they feel and behave? 2. If the person thinks ‘The window is open and the wind has blown something over’ how would they feel and behave? Clients should start to understand that negative thinking contributes to the anxiety disorder. If the client thinks in a positive way, they will feel and behave differently. , 1989). 7 on page 40. A series of questions (like the examples below) can also be used to help the client evaluate negative thoughts and replace them with more realistic ones.
A person with social phobia who thinks everyone hates them 2. a person with an illness phobia who is terribly afraid of dying 3. a person with an obsessive compulsive disorder who claims they had a very happy childhood 4. a person who has developed post-traumatic stress disorder after a very minor accident where no one was hurt. Ask another student of psychology to do the same exercise. Compare your results. Does this activity help you to evaluate the psychodynamic approach? E V A L U AT I V E C O M M E N T This approach is very subjective, as perhaps you have discovered.