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Additional resources for African Entrepreneurs: Pioneers of Development (Discussion Paper (International Finance Corporation))

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10, No. 11, 1982. Page 11 from informal sector enterprises who were less efficient but escaped the heavy burden of taxes and regulations imposed on the modern sector. This anecdotal evidence is supported by an International Labor Organization (ILO) review of studies of the informal sector in Africa carried out by the ILO's Jobs and Skills Program for Africa (JASPA) team in many countries over several years. " Training, the report said, "is imparted on the job through repetitive practices by the apprentices of activities carried out by masters.

Page 13 Sixth, they live and breathe their businesses, day and night. Theirs is not a nine to five job. Seventh, they build upon success. They are cautious in their plans and try to avoid overstretching themselves. Eighth, they diversify into areas that make sense in terms of their experience, resources, and comparative advantages. They thoroughly scrutinize project proposals coming from government planning agencies or foreign aid donors before committing themselves. Ninth, they are wary of bureaucratic approaches to project selection.

4 Very few studies have attempted to trace changes in the size of individual firms over a period of years. 4 workers in 1983. That was a period of increasing economic problems and income decline in Ghana. 6 workers. The average micro-enterprise operating before 1975 thus was able to grow into a modern enterprise (as defined in the World Bank report) in the more favorable environment prevailing in Ghana during the second half of the 1980s. This same study shows that a sample of somewhat larger firms established before 1975 grew even faster than did micro-enterprises.

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