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By Novartis Foundation

With the ever-increasing upward push in lifestyles expectancy, there's an pressing have to enhance our realizing of the connection among getting old and the pathogenesis of age-related illnesses with a view to establish more suitable technique of prevention, amelioration and administration of such illnesses. moreover, there's a have to lessen the social and fiscal influence of the getting old inhabitants. Age-related morbidity and mortality vary dramatically between contributors; this ebook focusses on person alterations in susceptibility to age-related problems.

It comprises contributions from best specialists within the box on issues such as:
age-related pathology within the mind, age-related approaches in stem cells, and age-related results at the immune approach and in bone, muscle and cardiovascular tissue. For all people with an curiosity within the biology of growing old, this is often obligatory reading.Content:

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Extra info for Ageing Vulnerability: Causes and Interventions: Novartis Foundation Symposium 235

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APP could therefore be a more prominent antioxidant that might impact more intimately on telomere shortening than Ab. We are actually studying the proposed antioxidant function for APP. Martin: It is good news that you are into clinical trials with your chelators. I noticed that your animal model is the one developed by Karen Hsiao (Hsiao et al 1996). Isn’t there a problem with this, in that there is very little evidence for neuronal loss in that model, despite the large Ab depositions? Presumably there are some Ab dimers there, although I don’t know to what extent this has been measured.

The earliest measurable change observed is the loss in GSH, but the key question is what causes this loss in GSH? MPTP also causes an early loss in GSH that actually precedes the inhibition of complex I and changes in both iron and dopamine levels. People have spent many years looking for environmental agents that are either 24 DISCUSSION exogenous or endogenous within the brain that could predispose individuals in terms of this decrease in GSH. Martin: Is there evidence of striking di¡erences in di¡erent ecological circumstances?

I think its role in terms of oxidation in general, however, is subtle. It is very specialized in the brain, where it might be that the microenvironment makes it liable to become damaged. Its concentration in the blood is about 1 nM, which is the same concentration as SOD3. It has been shown through knockouts and transgenics that SOD3 modulates memory functions in animals. Ab is poised to do something similar, simply because of its localization and concentration. APP, the precursor for Ab, is far more abundant in all tissues.

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