Download Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, by Paul Kockelman PDF

By Paul Kockelman

This ebook deals either a naturalistic and important idea of symptoms, minds, and meaning-in-the-world. It presents a reconstructive instead of deconstructive conception of the person, one that either analytically separates and theoretically synthesizes a number of colleges which are frequently burdened and conflated: supplier (understood as a causal capacity), subjectivity (understood as a representational capacity), selfhood (understood as a reflexive capacity), and personhood (understood as a sociopolitical means attendant on being an agent, topic, or self). It argues that those amenities are top understood from a semiotic stance that supersedes the standard intentional stance. And, in so doing, it bargains a pragmatism-grounded method of that means and mediation that's basic sufficient to account for methods which are as embodied and embedded as they're articulated and enminded. specifically, whereas this idea is concentrated on human-specific modes of which means, it additionally deals a common thought of which means, such that the brokers, matters and selves in query needn't continuously, or maybe often, map onto folks. And whereas this conception foregrounds brokers, individuals, matters and selves, it does this via theorizing techniques that frequently stay within the history of such (often erroneously) individuated figures: ontologies (akin to tradition, yet generalized throughout agentive collectivities), interplay (not merely among humans, but additionally among humans and issues, and whatever open air or in-between), and infrastructure (akin to context, yet generalized to incorporate mediation at any measure of remove).

Paul Kockelman, affiliate Professor of Anthropology, Barnard university and Columbia college.

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Additional resources for Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure

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Accounts of affect and embodiment are no less dependent on significance and selection than accounts of cognition and mind. In short, human cognitive processes and semiotic practices are easily compared to (and contrasted with) animal signal systems. indd 22 7/23/2012 9:25:28 PM OUP UNCORRECTED PROOF – FIRST-PROOF, 07/23/12, NEWGEN Biosemiosis, Technocognition, and Sociogenesis 23 agent relates to another assimilating and accommodating agent, where each of the agent’s interests is caught up with the other’s interests.

16 Objects (1) and (3) are, in contrast, relatively backgrounded. They are akin to what Peirce would call dynamic objects: objects that give rise to the existence of signs (and, hence, are causes of, or reasons for, the signer having expressed them). In other words, whenever someone directs our attention there are (at least) two objects: as a foregrounded, immediate object, there is whatever they direct our attention to (2); and, as a backgrounded, dynamic object, there is their intention to direct our attention (1).

In particular, instruments are not just signs, objects, and interpretants and instruments are not just means and ends; instruments are also agents that process signs to produce interpretants, however derivatively. This is true not just of relatively complicated instruments (such as computers and robots), it is also true of relatively simple instruments (such as hammers and lawn mowers), as may now be seen. In particular, while it is perhaps too much to say that a lawn mower “senses” and “instigates,” lawn mowers are also agents—not because they select per se but because they were selected (as per the definition of an agent in section 2).

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